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A COVID-19 Guide for Texas

Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) is closely working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to respond to the new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19) causing respiratory illness worldwide.

COVID-19 Vaccine Information

Get the latest updates on vaccines being developed and distributed across Texas.



How COVID-19 Spreads

In understanding exactly how COVID19 spreads, our understanding is primarily drawn from what is known about related coronaviruses.

The virus is thought to spread mainly from person to person:

  • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).

  • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

  • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.

  • COVID‑19 may be spread by people who are not showing any symptoms.

The virus may also be spread through surfaces:

  • By a person touching a surface or object that has virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes.

  • This is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads, but we are still learning more about how this virus spreads.

Prevention of COVID-19

Vaccination is the most effective way of protecting people and communities against CVID-19. In Texas, since the COVID-19 vaccination began, most deaths from the virus have been caused by those who are not fully vaccinated.

You are fully vaccinated two weeks after the second dose of a two-dose vaccine. Or two weeks after receiving one shot.

As with any vaccine, COVID-19 vaccines do not prevent 100% of cases. However, people who have been fully vaccinated are less likely to contract the disease. They are also better protected from serious illness, hospitalization, and death.

Masks Protect Everyone. CDC recently updated its mask guidance for fully vaccinated people and when they should get tested.

Wearing a mask in indoor public spaces, regardless of your vaccination status, can help protect you and everyone close to you. State and CDC mask recommendations are available for schools, public transportation, and healthcare settings.

Businesses may have mask preferences for their employees and customers.

Following the precautions below can protect you from infection and illness.

To help prevent the spread of any respiratory virus, including COVID19, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services suggests these everyday actions:

  • You may want to wear a mask. It is in everyone's best interest to wear a mask in public indoor spaces, vaccinated or not.

  • Take 20 seconds to wash your hands frequently and encourage others to do the same. Whenever soap and water are unavailable, use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.

  • Throw away tissues after coughing or sneezing.

  • Touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands is not safe.

  • Disinfect surfaces, buttons, handles, knobs, and other areas that are frequently touched.

  • Stay six feet apart from others.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.

DSHS recommends practicing social distancing. This involves keeping a distance from others so that one does not come into contact with them. Affecting physical contact as little as possible is a fine way to avoid crowds. Among other things, this might mean avoiding concerts or weddings, skipping the handshake, and/or staying at least six feet away from others.

Symptoms of COVID-19

Patients with COVID‑19 have reportedly had mild to severe respiratory illness.

Symptoms of COVID-19 can include:

Other symptoms reported with COVID-19 include:

  • Chills

  • Fatigue

  • Muscle or body aches

  • Headache

  • New loss of taste or smell

  • Sore throat

  • Congestion or runny nose

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Diarrhea

COVID-19 Testing

Your doctor will help make the decision if you should get tested for COVID‑19.

If you do not have health insurance, you can still get tested for COVID‑19 if your doctor or healthcare provider recommends it.

For information about testing, you just need to call your doctor and/or access care the way you usually do. If you need help finding a doctor or accessing medical care, call 2‑1‑1 and they can direct you to low- or no-cost providers in your area.

People can get tested for COVID‑19 at public testing sites or drive‑thru locations in certain parts of Texas.

What to Do If You Are Sick

Symptoms of COVID‑19 may show up 2‑14 days after exposure. The steps you should take if you think you are sick with COVID‑19 depend on whether you have a higher risk of developing severe illness.

High-Risk Individuals:

  • Older adults and/or people of any age with certain medical conditions are at a higher risk for getting very sick from COVID‑19.

  • If you are a high-risk individual and you develop fever or symptoms, call your doctor.

  • If you are not sick enough to be hospitalized, you can recover at home. Follow your doctor's instructions and refer to CDC recommendations for how to take care of yourself at home.

General Population:

  • If you are in generally good health and have mild symptoms, stay home and take care of yourself like you would for a cold or the flu.

  • If symptoms worsen, call your doctor.

If you are sick or are caring for someone who is sick, you can use CDC’s Coronavirus Self-Checker to help you make decisions about seeking appropriate medical care.

If you need help finding a doctor or accessing medical care, call 2‑1‑1 and they can direct you to low- or no-cost providers in your area.

If you have any questions or would like more information about COVID-19, contact DSHS by email @ or by phone (dial 2-1-1 option 6).

Note: We at APD Roofing take precautions when dealing with our customers to prevent the spread of viruses.


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